Now showing items 41-60 of 78

  • Right congenital diaphragmatic hernia associated with abnormality of the liver in adult 

    Ayane, Negusse Gezahen; Walsh, Mikel; Shifa, Jemal; Kadimo, Khutsafalo (Pan African Medical Journal, http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/, 2017-09-22)
    A Bochdalek hernia (BH) occurs when abdominal contents herniate through the postero-lateral segment of the diaphragm. The right side is affected considerably less commonly than the left. Most BHs present are diagnosed early ...
  • Presenting signs of retinoblastoma at a tertiary level teaching hospital in Ethiopia 

    Shifa, Jemal Zeberga; Gezmu, Alemayehu Mekonnen (African Field Epidemiology Network,http://www.afenet.net/, 2017-09-22)
    Introduction: Retinoblastoma is a primary malignant intraocular neoplasm that arise from immature retinoblasts with in developing retina. The commonest presenting sign in developing country is proptosis which is the late ...
  • A case report of a giant appendiceal mucocele and literature review 

    Motsumi, Joseph Mpapho; Motlaleselelo, Pako; Ayane, Gezahen; Sesay, Omar Sheikh; Valdes, Ramos Johamel (Pan African Medical Journal, http://www.panafrican-med-journal.com/, 2017-10-04)
    A 43-year-old female presented at the accident and emergency department of Princess Marina Hospital, Gaborone, Botswana. She reported a deep dull aching pain of two years duration in the right iliac fossa that has been ...
  • Leydig cell tumor of the testis presenting with gynaecomastia due to hyperprolactinemia after orchiectomy 

    Rivera, Yordanka Pina; Rwegerera, Godfrey Mutashambara; Chowdhury, Wahhab; Chobanga, Kudra Jumanne; Milan, Alexei Ortiz (Sciedu Press, http://web.sciedu.ca/, 2017-10-10)
    Leydig cell tumors (LCT) are rare and represent 1% to 3% of all tumors of the testis. LCTs can either be benign or malignant with clinical presentation varying from testicular mass associated with endocrinal manifestations ...
  • A case report of significant congenital depressed skull fracture after cesarean section delivery 

    Gezmu, Alemayehu Mekonnen; Mazhani, Loeto (Wolters Kluwer ‑ Medknow,https://wkauthorservices.editage.com/open-access/medknow.html, 2018)
    We report a case of depressed skull fracture in an hour old newborn delivered by cesarean section for breech presentation. The depression was surgically corrected as a spontaneous resolution did not occur after some interval. ...
  • Molecular detection of human papillomavirus HPV) in highly fragmented DNA from cervical cancer biopsies using double-nested PCR 

    Tawe, Leabaneng; Grover, Surbhi; Moyo, Sikhulile; Narasimhamurthy, Mohan; Kasvosve, Ishmael; Gaseitsiwe, Simani; Paganotti, Giacomo M. (Elsevier, www.elsevier.com, 2018)
    Archived Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens can be a valuable source of human papillomavirus (HPV) nucleic acids for molecular biological analyses in retrospective studies. Although successful amplification ...
  • Availability of WHO essential medicines for cancer treatment in Botswana 

    Martei, Yehoda M.; Chiyapo, Sebathu; Ramogola-Masire, Doreen; Dryden-Peterson, Scott M.; Shulman, Lawrence N.; Tapela, Neo (American Society of Clinical Oncology, http://www.asco.org/, 2018-01-23)
    Purpose Stock outs of cancer drugs are potentially fatal but have not been systematically studied in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to determine the availability and alignment of the Botswana ...
  • Achieving public and global health competencies: a teaching case study of Botswana's cervical cancer screening program 

    Okatch, Harriet PhD, MPH; Sowicz, Timothy Joseph PhD, CRNP; Teng, Helen MSN; Ramogola-Masire, Doreen MD; Buttenheim, Alison M. PhD, MBA (Wiley, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/, 2018-02-18)
    Objectives: To design and implement a case study on the cervical cancer screening program in Botswana to teach public and global health competencies to undergraduate nursing students. Design and Sample: The case study was ...
  • An 80 year old hermaphroditic with HughBrenner Brenner tumor: A rare case report and review of literature 

    Ayane, Gezahen Negusse; Motsumi, Mpapho Joseph; Motlaleselelo, Pako; Kadimo, Khutsafalo (African Journal of Urology; https://www.ajol.info/index.php/aju, 2018-03-09)
    Introduction: Hermaphroditism is a general term used to describe a sexual development disorder usually diagnosed at an early stage in sexual development. However, this is a report of an 80 year old sexual ambiguity patient ...
  • A step toward timely referral and early diagnosis of cancer: implementation and impact on knowledge of a primary care based training program in Botswana 

    Narasimhamurthy, Mohan; Tapela, Neo M.; Peluso, Michael J.; Kohler, Racquel E.; Setlhako, Irene I.; Botebele, Kerapetse; Gabegwe, Kemiso; Nkele, Isaac; Mmalane, Mompati; Grover, Surbhi; Barak, Tomer; Shulman, Lawrence N.; Lockman, Shahin; Dryden-Peterson, Scott (Elsevier, www.elsevier.com, 2018-05-29)
    Health system delays in diagnosis of cancer contribute to the glaring disparities in cancer mortality between high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries. In Botswana, approximately 70% of cancers are diagnosed ...
  • Cavernous sinus thrombosis in a 14-year old boy 

    Mokgacha, Kabelo; Maruza, Monde P.; Sesay, Sheikh O.; Rwegerera, Godfrey M. (Turkish National Pediatric Society; ipa-world.org/society-resources/code/member-view-news-detail.php?id=446, 2018-07-01)
    Cavernous sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare, life-threatening disorder occurring as a result of sepsis or secondary to aseptic causes in the setting of a thrombophilic disorder that has over the years been linked to high ...
  • Simultaneous false aneurysm and arterio-venous fistula in the presence of a single wound 

    Ayane, G.N.; Walsh, M.; Prozesky, D.; Kadimo, K. (Elsevier, https://www.elsevier.com/, 2018-07-16)
    We describe a patient in whom a stab wound to the right supraclavicular fossa led to a subclavian artery false aneurysm and an arterio-venous fistula (AVF) between the right subclavian artery and the right internal jugular ...
  • Short stature and growth hormone deficiency: unexpected manifestations of McCune-Albright syndrome 

    Pina Rivera, Yordanka; Rwegerera, Godfrey Mutashambara; Sesay, Sheikh (BMJ Publishing Group Limited; https://www.bmj.com/, 2018-08-27)
    McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is a rare disease characterised by triad of monostotic or polyostotic fibrous dysplasia, café au-lait skin spots and a variety of endocrine disorders; precocious puberty (PP) being the most ...
  • Psychoactive substance use among first-year students in a Botswana University: pattern and demographic correlates 

    Olashore, A. A.; Ogunwobi, Olorunfemi; Totego, Eden; Opondo, Philip R. (BMC Psychiatry, https://www.biomedcentral.com/about, 2018-08-31)
    BACKGROUND: Substance use amongst university students is a recognized problem worldwide. Few studies have been carried out in this group in Botswana. These studies have been mostly limited to the use of alcohol and tobacco. ...
  • The prevalence of microalbuminuria and associated factors among patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus in Botswana 

    Molefe-Baikai, O.J.; Mooketsi, M.; Cainelli, F.; Rwegerera, G.M. (Wolters Kluwer - Medknow; https://wolterskluwer.com/, 2018-11-12)
    Background: Microalbuminuria (MA) has been established as an early marker of both diabetic nephropathy and vascular disease in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Aims: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence ...
  • A mortality review of tuberculosis and HIV co-infected patients in Mahalapye, Botswana: does cotrimoxazole preventive therapy and/or antiretroviral therapy protect against death? 

    Tshitenge, Stephane; Ogunbanjo, Gboyega A.; Citeya, Andre (Aosis/http//aosis.co.za, 2018-11-15)
    Background: The World Health Organization aims to reduce tuberculosis (TB) mortality rate from 15% in 2015 to 6.5% by 2025. Aim: This study determined the profile of TB and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfected ...
  • Factors related to advanced stage of cancer presentation in Botswana 

    Anakwenze, Chidinma; Bhatia, Rohini; Rate, William; Bakwenabatsile, Lame; Ngoni, Kebatshabile; Rayne, Sarah; Dhillon, Preet; Narasimhamurthy, Mohan; Ho-Foster, Ari; Ramogola-Masire, Doreen; Grover, Surbhi (American Society of Clinical Oncology, https://beta.asco.org/, 2018-12)
    Purpose: Botswana, a country with a high prevalence of HIV, has an increasing incidence of cancer related mortality in the post–antiretroviral therapy era. Despite universal access to free healthcare, the majority of ...
  • Bilateral loss of vision after spinal anaesthesia on a dwarf patient 

    Kassa, M.W.; Shifa, J.Z.; Bekele, N.A.; Opondo, P.R. (OMICS Internationa, www.omicsonline.org/, 2019-01-04)
    Achondroplasia is the most common form of dwarfism. Achondroplasia poses multiple anaesthetic challenges ranging from securing intravenous line, monitoring and drug dose calculations and airway management among others. ...
  • HIV infection is not associated with the initiation of curative treatment in women with cervical cancer in Botswana 

    Grover, Surbhi, MD, MPH; MacDuffie, Emily, C., BA; Wang, Qiao, MPH; Bvochora-Nsingo, Memory, MD; Bhatia, Rohini K., BA; Balang, Dawn, MD; Chiyapo, Sebathu P., MD; Luckett, Rebecca, MD, MPH; Ramogola-Masire, Doreen, MD; Dryden-Peterson, Scott L., MD; Lin, Lilie, L., MD; Shin, Sanghyuk, S., PhD; Zetola, Nicola M., MD, MPH (Wiley, http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/, 2019-02-25)
    BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in Sub-Saharan Africa. The risk of developing cancer is increased for women living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It is unknown which ...
  • Salmonella sepsis and urinary tract infection complicating with acute kidney injury in a HIV positive female patient 

    Rwegerera, Godfrey Mutashambara; Ramolefhe, Thato Tumediso; Ngoy, Ngoy Alphonse; Lesiamang, Molatedi; Pina Rivera, Yordanka (Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research; https://www.jcdr.org.in/, 2019-03-01)
    Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) can rarely be caused by salmonella species. UTI salmonellosis may present as uncomplicated UTI, pyelonephritis or haemorrhagic cystitis. We present a case of a 44-year-old HIV positive female ...