Now showing items 21-40 of 82

  • Effect of co-trimoxazole on mortality in HIV-exposed but uninfected children in Botswana (the Mpepu Study): a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial 

    Mazhani, Loeto; Lockman, Shahin; Hughes, Michael; Powis, Kate; Ajibola, Gbolahan; Bennett, Kara; Moyo, Sikhulile; van Widenfelt, Erik; Leidner, Jean; McIntosh, Kenneth; Makhema, Joseph; Essex, Max; Shapiro, Roger (Elsevier, www.elsevier.com, 2017-05)
    Background: Co-trimoxazole prophylaxis reduces mortality among HIV-infected children, but efficacy in HIV-exposed but uninfected (HEU) children in a non-malarial, low-breastfeeding setting with a low risk of mother-to-child ...
  • The effectiveness of the South African Triage Toll use in Mahalapye District Hospital – Emergency Department, Botswana 

    Tshitenge, Stephane T.; Ogunbanjo, Gboyega A.; Mbuka, Deogratias O. (AOSIS, http://aosis.co.za/, 2016)
    Background: The study aimed to determine the proportion of each priority level of patients, time of performance in each priority level, and the reliability of the South African Triage Scale (SATS) tool at the Mahalapye ...
  • Establishing a new medical school: Botswana’s experience 

    Mokone, Gaonyadiwe G.; Kebaetse, Maikutlo; Wright, John; Kebaetse, Masego B.; Makgabana-Dintwa, Oarabile; Kebaabetswe, Poloko; Badlangana, Ludo; Mogodi, Mpho; Bryant, Katie; Nkomazana, Oathokwa (Academic Medicine, http://journals.lww.com/AcademicMedicine/pages/default.aspx, 2014-08)
    Having adequate numbers of qualified human resources for health is essential for any effective health care system. However, there is a global shortage of skilled health care workers, especially in Sub-Saharan African ...
  • Establishing a new medical school: Botswana’s experience 

    Mokone, Gaonyadiwe G.; Kebaetse, Maikutlo; Wright, John; Kebaetse, Masego B.; Makgabana-Dintwa, Oarabile; Kebaabetswe, Poloko; Badlangana, Ludo; Mogodi, Mpho; Bryant, Katie; Nkomazana, Oathokwa (Association of American Medical Colleges; https://www.aamc.org, 2014-10)
    Having adequate numbers of qualified human resources for health (HRH) is essential for any effective health care system. However, there is a global shortage of skilled health care workers, especially in Sub-Saharan African ...
  • Fetus-in-fetu in Botswana 

    Goutam, Chowdhury; Banda, Francis Msume (Elsevier, www.elsevier.com, 2017-09)
    Fetus-in-fetu is a medical term that describes a fetus implanted within its twin, on whom it is entirely dependent for its survival through a vascular connection. It occurs in about 1 in 500,000 live births. So far, there ...
  • Global health leadership training in resource-limited settings: a collaborative approach by academic institutions and local health care programs in Uganda 

    Mashalla, Yohana; Nakanjako, Damalie; Namagala, Elizabeth; Semeere, Aggrey; Kigozi, Joanitor; Sempa, Joseph; Ddamulira, John Bosco; Katamba, Achilles; Biraro, Sam; Naikoba, Sarah; Farquhar, Carey; Afya Bora Consortium Members; Sewankambo, Nelson (BioMed Central, https://www.biomedcentral.com, 2015)
    Introduction: Due to a limited health workforce, many health care providers in Africa must take on health leadership roles with minimal formal training in leadership. Hence, the need to equip health care providers ...
  • Going rural – protracted immersion or toe-wetting: Does it matter? 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa (Health and Medical Publishing Group; https://www.saoa.org.za/publications/hpmg, 2016-04-25)
    Universal access to healthcare mandates that all people worldwide have access to comprehensive healthcare services, without suffering financial hardship. However, unless the severe shortages and inequitable distribution of ...
  • High levels of post-abortion complication in a setting where abortion service is not legalized 

    Melese, Tadele; Habte, Dereje; Tsima, Billy M.; Mogobe, Keitshokile Dintle; Chabaesele, Kesegofetse; Rankgoane, Goabaone; Keakabetse, Tshiamo R.; Masweu, Mabole; Mokotedi, Mosidi; Motana, Mpho; Moreri-Ntshabele, Badani (Public Library Science; https://www.plos.org/, 2017-01-06)
    Background Maternal mortality due to abortion complications stands among the three leading causes of maternal death in Botswana where there is a restrictive abortion law. This study aimed at assessing the patterns and ...
  • How to create more supportive supervision for primary healthcare: lessons from Ngamiland district of Botswana: co-operative inquiry group 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Mash, Robert; Wojczewski, Silvia; Kutalek, Ruth; Phaladze, Nthabiseng (Taylor and Francis//http://taylorandfrancis.com/, 2016-06-24)
    Background: Supportive supervision is a way to foster performance, productivity, motivation, and retention of health workforce. Nevertheless there is a dearth of evidence of the impact and acceptability of supportive ...
  • Human resources for health in Botswana: the results of in-country database and reports analysis 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Peersman, Wim; Willcox, Merlin; Mash, Robert; Phaladze, Nthabiseng (AOSIS//http://www.aosis.co.za/publishing, 2014)
    Botswana is a large middle-income country in Southern Africa with a population of just over two million. Shortage of human resources for health is blamed for the inability to provide high quality accessible health services. ...
  • Human resources for primary health care in sub-Saharan Africa: progress or stagnation? 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Willcox, Merlin L; Peersman, Wim; Daou, Pierre; Diakité, Chiaka; Bajunirwe, Francis; Mubangizi, Vincent; Mahmoud, Eman Hassan; Moosa, Shabir; Phaladze, Nthabiseng; Khogali, Mustafa; Diallo, Drissa; De Maeseneer, Jan; Mant, David (Biomed Central; https://www.biomedcentral.com, 2015-09-10)
    Background: The World Health Organization defines a “critical shortage” of health workers as being fewer than 2.28 health workers per 1000 population and failing to attain 80% coverage for deliveries by skilled birth ...
  • Impact of health system inputs on health outcome: a multilevel longitudinal analysis of Botswana National Antiretroviral Program (2002-2013) 

    Kebaabetswe, Poloko; Price, Natalie; El-halabi, Shenaaz; Mlaudzi, Naledi; Keapoletswe, Koona; Lebelonyane, Kefeletswe; Fetogang, Ernest Benny; Chebani, Tony; Masupe, Tiny; Gabaake, Keba; Auld, Andrew F.; Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Marlink, Richard (Public Library Science, https://www.plos.org/, 2016-08-04)
    Objective To measure the association between the number of doctors, nurses and hospital beds per 10,000 people and individual HIV-infected patient outcomes in Botswana. Design Analysis of routinely collected longitudinal ...
  • Impediments for the uptake of the Botswana Government’s male circumcision initiative for HIV prevention 

    Sabone, Motshedisi; Magowe, Mabel; Busang, Lesego; Moalosi, Jonathan; Binagwa, Benjamin; Mwambona, Janet (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, https://www.hindawi.com/, 2013)
    Botswana remains one of the countries with high prevalence of HIV infection with a population prevalence rate of 17.6 in 2008. In 2009, the Ministry of Health launched male circumcision as an additional strategy to the ...
  • Incidence of diabetes mellitus‑related comorbidities among patients attending two major HIV clinics in Botswana: a 12‑year retrospective cohort study 

    Rankgoane‑Pono, Goabaone; Tshikuka, Jose Gaby; Magafu, Mgaywa Gilbert Mjungu Damas; Masupe, Tiny; Molefi, Mooketsi; Hamda, Shimeles Genna; Setlhare, Vincent; Tapera, Roy; Mbongwe, Bontle (BioMed Central, www.biomedcentral.com, 2018-02-01)
    Objectives: Exposure to combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) is associated with the development of diabetes mellitus related comorbidities (DRCs). This study aims to: (i) estimate the incidence of DRCs among cART ...
  • An innovative educational approach to professional development of medical laboratory scientists in Botswana 

    Magowe, Mabel K.M.; Ledikwe, Jenny H.; Kasvosve, Ishmael; Martin, Robert; Thankane, Kabo; Semo, Bazghina-werq (Dove Medical Press, https://www.dovepress.com/, 2014-04-11)
    Purpose: To address the shortage of laboratory scientists in Botswana, an innovative, one-year academic bridging program was initiated at the University of Botswana, to advance diploma-holding laboratory technicians towards ...
  • An international consortium update: pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome in adolescence 

    Joel, Dipesalema; Ibáñez, Lourdes; Oberfield, Sharon E.; Witchel, Selma F.; Auchus, Richard J.; Chang, R. Jeffrey; Codner, Ethel; Dabadghao, Preeti; Darendeliler, Feyza; Elbarbary, Nancy Samir; López-Bermejo, Abel; Hoeger, Kathleen M.; Rudaz, Cecilia Garcia; Gambineri, Alessandra; Tena-Sempere, Manuel; Santoro, Nicola; Reinehr, Thomas; Peña, Alexia S.; Ong, Ken; Deeb, Asma; Alkhayyat, Haya; Yildiz, Bulent O.; Tao, Rachel; Horikawa, Reiko; de Zegher, Francis; Lee, Peter A. (Karger Publishers,https://www.karger.com/, 2017-11-13)
    This paper represents an international collaboration of paediatric endocrine and other societies (listed in the Appendix) under the International Consortium of Paediatric Endocrinology (ICPE) aiming to improve worldwide ...
  • Interprofessional fellowship training for emerging global health leaders in Africa to improve HIV prevention and care: the Afya Bora consortium 

    Mashalla, Yohana J; Ousman, Kevin; Polomano, Rosemary C.; Seloilwe, Esther; Odero, Theresa; Tarimo, Edith; Voss, Joachim G.; O’Malley, Gabrielle; Chapman, Susan A.; Gachuno, Onesmus; Manabe, Yukari; Nakanjako, Damalie; Sewankambo, Nelson; Urassa, David; Wasserheit, Judith N.; Wiebe, Douglas J.; Farquhar, Carey (Elsevier//https://www.elsevier.com/, 2016)
    HIV continues to challenge health systems, especially in low- and middle-income countries in Sub-Saharan Africa. A qualified workforce of transformational leaders is required to strengthen health systems and introduce ...
  • Invasive ductal carcinoma with in situ pattern:how to avoid this diagnostic pitfall? 

    Mohan, Narasimhamurthy; Black, Jennifer O.; Schwartz, Mary R.; Zhai, Qihui Jim (e-Century Publishing, http://www.e-century.us/submission/index.php, 2016-08-30)
    Although the microscopic features of invasion are usually readily recognized, occasionally invasive ductal carcinoma may mimic the pattern of comedo ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) by forming large cellular nests with ...
  • Is tobacco use associated with neurocognitive dysfunction in individuals with HIV? 

    Tsima, Billy; Ratcliffe, Sarah Jane; Schnoll, Robert; Frank, Ian; Kolson, Dennis Larry; Gross, Robert (Sage publications, www.sage.com/‎, 2018)
    Introduction: The prevalence of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders continues to rise despite the widespread use of antiretroviral therapy. We aimed to define the risk of neurocognitive dysfunction among smokers relative ...
  • Knowledge of computer vision syndrome among computer users in the workplace in Abuja, Nigeria 

    Mashalla, Y.J.; Akinbinu, T.R. (Academic Journals; www.academicjournals.org, 2013-09)
    Quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the level of knowledge and extent of computer vision syndrome (CVS) among computer users at the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), Abuja, ...