Extraction and structural characterization of cellulose from milkweed floss
Maheswaria, C. Uma
Reddy, K. Obi
Rajulu, A. Varada
PublisherTaylor and Francis, http://www.taylorandfrancis.com
MetadataShow full item record
The aim of this study was to investigate the utilization of milkweed fruit floss residues as a source for the isolation of cellulose. Cellulose was extracted by acidified sodium chlorite and sodium hydroxide treatments. Characterization of the pristine milkweed floss and extracted cellulose was performed by chemical composition analysis, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The extracted cellulose had mainly α-cellulose as the other components hemicellulose and lignin were significantly removed during cellulose extraction process. The FTIR spectra also indicated that the chemical treatments extensively removed hemicellulose and lignin from the pristine milkweed floss. SEM technique was used to investigate the surface morphology of the pristine milkweed floss and extracted cellulose. The intensity of the crystalline peak in the X-ray diffractograms of the extracted cellulose was higher than that of pristine milkweed. Further, the XRD results indicated a structural transformation of cellulose I (pristine milkweed) to cellulose II (extracted cellulose) because of the chemical treatments. The extracted cellulose, which is a high biomass, had better thermal stability than the pristine milkweed floss owing to removal of non-cellulosic components.