Now showing items 1-20 of 1304

  • Knowledge of HIV/AIDS, attitudes towards sexual risk behaviour and perceived behavioural control among college students in Botswana 

    Faimau, Gabriel; Maunganidze, Langtone; Tapera, Roy; Mosomane, Lynne C.K.; Apau, Samuel (Cogent OA, www.cogentoa.com, 2016)
    This study examines the knowledge of HIV/AIDS, attitudes towards risky sexual behaviour and perceived behavioural control among students in Botswana. Data were collected from 445 students randomly selected from the University ...
  • Challenges faced by HIV-infected adolescents in rural areas of Botswana 

    Basuhi, Matlhodi G. (University of Botswna, www.ub.bw, 2015)
    Background: Sub-Saharan Africa has the world’s highest HIV incidence, with about 71.4% of HIV infection worldwide in 2013. Botswana has the second highest infection rate in the world and the epidemic has left a large number ...
  • Invasive ductal carcinoma with in situ pattern:how to avoid this diagnostic pitfall? 

    Mohan, Narasimhamurthy; Black, Jennifer O.; Schwartz, Mary R.; Zhai, Qihui Jim (e-Century Publishing, http://www.e-century.us/submission/index.php, 2016-08-30)
    Although the microscopic features of invasion are usually readily recognized, occasionally invasive ductal carcinoma may mimic the pattern of comedo ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) by forming large cellular nests with ...
  • Determination of antibiotic resistance and enterotoxigenic potential of Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from foods sold by street vendors in Gaborone, Botswana 

    Loeto, Daniel; Wale, Kabo; Coetzee, Tidimalo; Khare, Krishna B.; Sigwele, Thabang Carol; Letsholo, Baemedi; Ndabambi, Nkosi (Adhya Biosciences Pvt. Ltd., http://ijbio.com/index.php/ijb/index, 2017)
    Staphylococcus aureus is one of the causes of foodborne diseases worldwide. Staphylococcal food poisoning ensues after ingestion of contaminated food and results in symptoms of gastroenteritis such as vomiting, abdominal ...
  • HIV-exposed children account for more than half of 24-month mortality in Botswana 

    Souda, Sajini; Zash, Rebecca; Leidner, Jean; Ribaudo, Heather; Binda, Kelebogile; Moyo, Sikhulile; Powis, Kathleen M.; Petlo, Chipo; Mmalane, Mompati; Makhema, Joe; Essex, Max; Lockman, Shahin; Shapiro, Roger (Biomed Central; https://www.biomedcentral.com, 2016)
    Background: The contribution of HIV-exposure to childhood mortality in a setting with widespread antiretroviral treatment (ART) availability has not been determined. Methods: From January 2012 to March 2013, mothers were ...
  • Trends and determinants of survival for over 200 000 patients on antiretroviral treatment in the Botswana National Program: 2002–2013 

    Kebaabetswe, Poloko; Farahani, Mansour; Price, Natalie; El-Halabi, Shenaaz; Mlaudzi, Naledi; Keapoletswe, Koona; Lebelonyane, Refeletswe; Fetogang, Ernest Benny; Chebani, Tony; Masupe, Tiny; Gabaake, Keba; Auld, Andrew; Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Marlinka, Richard (Lippincott,Williams & Wilkin; https://www.ajj.com/clients/list/lww, 2016-01-28)
    Objectives: To determine the incidence and risk factors of mortality for all HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral treatment at public and private healthcare facilities in the Botswana National HIV/AIDS Treatment ...
  • Clinical use of blood and blood components in post-abortion care in Botswana 

    Tsima, B.M.; Melese, T.; Mogobe, K. D.; Chabaesele, K.; Rankgoane, G.; Nassali, M.; Habte, D. (Wiley; http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/view/index.html, 2016-05-23)
    Background: Understanding the pattern and gaps in blood product utilisation in post-abortion care is crucial for evidence-based planning and priority setting. Objective: To describe the current use of blood and blood ...
  • High levels of post-abortion complication in a setting where abortion service is not legalized 

    Melese, Tadele; Habte, Dereje; Tsima, Billy M.; Mogobe, Keitshokile Dintle; Chabaesele, Kesegofetse; Rankgoane, Goabaone; Keakabetse, Tshiamo R.; Masweu, Mabole; Mokotedi, Mosidi; Motana, Mpho; Moreri-Ntshabele, Badani (Public Library Science; https://www.plos.org/, 2017-01-06)
    Background Maternal mortality due to abortion complications stands among the three leading causes of maternal death in Botswana where there is a restrictive abortion law. This study aimed at assessing the patterns and ...
  • Perceptions of physician leadership in Botswana 

    Tsima, B. M.; Sokol-Hessner, L.; Dine, C. J.; Masheto, B.; Shea, J. A.; Masunge, J.; Nkomazana, O. (Health and Medical Publishing Group; https://www.saoa.org.za/publications/hpmg, 2015-05)
    Background. Physician leadership is essential for the strengthening of health systems, especially in underserved settings such as sub-Saharan Africa. To be effective, leaders must be perceived as such by their community. ...
  • Establishing a new medical school: Botswana’s experience 

    Mokone, Gaonyadiwe G.; Kebaetse, Maikutlo; Wright, John; Kebaetse, Masego B.; Makgabana-Dintwa, Oarabile; Kebaabetswe, Poloko; Badlangana, Ludo; Mogodi, Mpho; Bryant, Katie; Nkomazana, Oathokwa (Association of American Medical Colleges; https://www.aamc.org, 2014-10)
    Having adequate numbers of qualified human resources for health (HRH) is essential for any effective health care system. However, there is a global shortage of skilled health care workers, especially in Sub-Saharan African ...
  • Potential for the specialty of Family Medicine in Botswana: a discussion paper 

    Parsons, Luise; Rijken, Taatske; Mbuka, Deogratias O.; Nkomazana, Oathokwa (AOSIS; http://www.aosis.co.za/publishing, 2012-10-31)
    Family Medicine is developing rapidly as a medical and academic specialty in sub-Saharan Africa. The multifactorial policy drivers are not well described, but include population health needs, the World Health Organisation’s ...
  • Why there is an inverse primary-care law in Africa 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Moosa, Shabir; Wojczewski, Silvia; Hoffmann, Kathryn; Poppe, Annelien; Peersman, Wim; Willcox, Merlin; Maier, Manfred; Derese, Anselme; Mant, David (Elsevier; https://www.elsevier.com/, 2013)
    Many low-income and middle-income countries are now pursuing ambitious plans for universal primary care, but are failing to deliver adequate care quality because of intractable human resource problems—eg, in Uganda in 2009, ...
  • Developing the Botswana Primary Care guideline: an integrated, symptom-based primary care guideline for the adult patient in a resource‑limited setting 

    Tsima, Billy M.; Setlhare, Vincent; Nkomazana, Oathokwa (Dove Press; https://www.dovepress.com/, 2016)
    Background: Botswana’s health care system is based on a primary care model. Various national guidelines exist for specific diseases. However, most of the guidelines address management at a tertiary level and often appear ...
  • Going rural – protracted immersion or toe-wetting: Does it matter? 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa (Health and Medical Publishing Group; https://www.saoa.org.za/publications/hpmg, 2016-04-25)
    Universal access to healthcare mandates that all people worldwide have access to comprehensive healthcare services, without suffering financial hardship. However, unless the severe shortages and inequitable distribution of ...
  • Rural exposure during medical education and student preference for future practice location - a case of Botswana 

    Arscott-Mills, Tonya; Kebaabetswe, Poloko; Tawana, Gothusang; Mbuka, Deogratias O.; Makgabana-Dintwa, Orabile; Sebina, Kagiso; Kebaeste, Masego; Mokgatlhe, Lucky; Nkomazana, Oathokwa (AOSIS; http://aosis.co.za/, 2016-06-10)
    Background: Botswana’s medical school graduated its first class in 2014. Given the importance of attracting doctors to rural areas the school incorporated rural exposure throughout its curriculum. Aim: This study explored ...
  • Understanding the organisational culture of district health services: Mahalapye and Ngamiland health districts of Botswana 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Mash, Robert; Phaladze, Nthabiseng (AOSIS Publishing; http://www.aosis.co.za/publishing, 2015)
    Background: Botswana has a shortage of health care workers, especially in primary health care. Retention and high performance of employees are closely linked to job satisfaction and motivation, which are both highest where ...
  • Diaspora engagement of African migrant health workers - examples from five destination countries 

    Wojczewski, Silvia; Poppe, Annelien; Hoffmann, Kathryn; Peersman, Wim; Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Pentz, Stephen; Kutalek, Ruth (Taylor and Francis; http://taylorandfrancis.com/, 2015)
    Background: Migrant health workers fill care gaps in their destination countries, but they also actively engage in improving living conditions for people of their countries of origin through expatriate professional ...
  • How to create more supportive supervision for primary healthcare: lessons from Ngamiland district of Botswana: co-operative inquiry group 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Mash, Robert; Wojczewski, Silvia; Kutalek, Ruth; Phaladze, Nthabiseng (Taylor and Francis//http://taylorandfrancis.com/, 2016-06-24)
    Background: Supportive supervision is a way to foster performance, productivity, motivation, and retention of health workforce. Nevertheless there is a dearth of evidence of the impact and acceptability of supportive ...
  • Human resources for primary health care in sub-Saharan Africa: progress or stagnation? 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Willcox, Merlin L; Peersman, Wim; Daou, Pierre; Diakité, Chiaka; Bajunirwe, Francis; Mubangizi, Vincent; Mahmoud, Eman Hassan; Moosa, Shabir; Phaladze, Nthabiseng; Khogali, Mustafa; Diallo, Drissa; De Maeseneer, Jan; Mant, David (Biomed Central; https://www.biomedcentral.com, 2015-09-10)
    Background: The World Health Organization defines a “critical shortage” of health workers as being fewer than 2.28 health workers per 1000 population and failing to attain 80% coverage for deliveries by skilled birth ...
  • Stakeholders’ perceptions on shortage of healthcare workers in Primary Healthcare in Botswana: focus group discussions 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Mash, Robert; Shaibu, Sheila; Phaladze, Nthabiseng (Public Library Science; https://www.plos.org/, 2015-08-18)
    Background An adequate health workforce force is central to universal health coverage and positive public health outcomes. However many African countries have critical shortages of healthcare workers, which are worse in ...