Now showing items 1-20 of 98

  • Successful spinal anaesthesia for caesarean section in an African patient with Takayasu's arteritis 

    Kassa, Mamo Woldu; Bedada, Alemayehu Ginbo; Benti, Tadele Melese (African Field epidemiology network (AFENET), https://www.afenet.net, 2018-08-20)
    Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is a rare chronic inflammatory disease affecting mainly the aorta and its main branches. We report a case of a 24-year-old primigravida, an African patient, with TA planned for caesarean section ...
  • Prophylactic antibiotics to prevent surgical site infections in Botswana: findings and implications 

    Mwita, Julius C.; Souda, Sajini; Magafu, Mgaywa G. M. D.; Massele, Amos; Godman, Brian; Mwandri, Michael (Taylor & Francis, http://www.taylorandfrancis.com, 2018-03-23)
    Background and aims: Antibiotic prophylaxis in surgery is known to reduce the rate of surgical site infections (SSI) as well as shorten hospital stay. However, there is currently a scarcity of data on antibiotic prophylaxis ...
  • Diagnosis and surgical management of congenital intestinal malrotation presenting with midgut volvulus in an adult: high index of suspicion (case report) 

    Ayane, Gezahen Negusse; Kadimo, Khutsafalo (African field epidemiology network (AFENET), https://www.afenet.net, 2018-03-15)
    Congenital intestinal malrotation is a gastrointestinal anomaly whose most serious complication is midgut volvulus. More commonly, it presents as an incidental finding at laparotomy, or as a finding on diagnostic imaging ...
  • Head trauma: a significant public health concern among young men in Botswana. Etiology referral patterns and opportunities for interventions 

    Cox, Megan; Becker, Timothy; Motsumi, M. (Page press, https://www.pagepress.co/, 2018-10)
    This study aims to present and discuss acute Head Injury (HI) presentations including etiology, referral patterns and disposition in patients presenting to a major referral hospital in Gaborone, Botswana. Cross-sectional ...
  • Patient-centredness: meaning and propriety in the Botswana, African and non-Western contexts 

    Setlhare, Vincent; Couper, Ian; Wright, Anne (Aosis, https://aosis.co.za/, 2014-02-20)
    Patient-centredness is a key principle in Family Medicine. It is covered in a Family Medicine textbook by McWhinney and textbooks edited by Goh et al., Rakel and Rakel3 and Mash and Blitz-Lindeque, to name but a few. ...
  • Perianal malignant nodular hidradenoma in HIV infected pregnant patient 

    Bedada, Alemayehu Ginbo; Georges, Azzie; Alemayehu Bekele, Eshetu (Health and Medical Publishing Group, https://publons.com/publisher/2123/health-and-medical-publishing-group, 2018-06)
    Malignant nodular hidradenoma (MNH) is a rare invasive tumour arising from eccrine sweat glands, with significant risk for local recurrence and distant metastases. Hidradenoma papilliferum is reported in pregnancy. To our ...
  • Pneumatosis intestinalis in HIV patient with gastric outlet obstruction 

    Bedada, A.G.; Georges, A.; Sheikh, S.; Kayembe, M.A.; Hsiao, M. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, https://publons.com/publisher/2123/health-and-medical-publishing-group, 2018-09)
    Summary: We report the case of a 39-year-old HIV positive female with gastric outlet obstruction. At laparotomy, she had extensive pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) of the ileum. This incidental finding of extensive PI in an ...
  • Population structure of human gut bacteria in a diverse cohort from rural Tanzania and Botswana 

    Hansen, Matthew E.B.; Rubel, Meagan A.; Bailey, Aubrey G; Ranciaro, Alessia; Thompson, Simon R.; Campbell, Michael C.; Beggs, William; Dave, Jaanki R.; Mokone, Gaonyadiwe G; Mpoloka, Sununguko Wata; Nyambo, Thomas; Abnet, Christian; Chanock, Stephen J.; Bushman, Frederic D.; Tishkoff, Sarah A. (BMC, https://www.biomedcentral.com/, 2019-01-22)
    Background: Gut microbiota from individuals in rural, non-industrialized societies differ from those in individuals from industrialized societies. Here, we use 16S rRNA sequencing to survey the gut bacteria of seven ...
  • Reflections on primary health care and family medicine in Botswana 

    Setlhare, Vincent (Aosis, https://aosis.co.za/, 2014-08-14)
    Primary Care should be the ‘central function and main focus of a country’s health system‘.The Ouagadougu Declaration similarly states that the vehicle for achieving the Millennium Development Goals and addressing the health ...
  • Segmental atrophy of the liver in a child: case report and review of the literature 

    Bedada, A.G.; Sreekumaran, M.I.; Azzie, G. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, https://publons.com/publisher/2123/health-and-medical-publishing-group, 2019-06)
    Segmental atrophy of the liver (SAL) is a pseudotumour that is extremely rare in children. We report the case of a 4-year-old child who presented with abdominal pain and a non-tender mass at the epigastrium. A computed ...
  • Synchronous volvulus of the sigmoid and transverse colon in a 26-year-old male 

    Motsumi, Mpapho Joseph; Tlhomelang, Omphile (Oxford University Press,https://global.oup.com/?cc=bw, 2018-11-13)
    We present a 26-year-old male patient who presented with complete bowel obstruction and peritonitis. His abdominal X-rays showed grossly distended large bowels with air–fluid levels. A differential diagnosis of sigmoid ...
  • The experiences of people living with HIV/AIDS in Gaborone, Botswana: stigma, its consequences and coping mechanisms 

    Setlhare, Vincent; Wright, Anne; Couper, Ian (Aosis,https://aosis.co.za/, 2014)
    Background: This study was carried out in Bontleng, Extension 14 and Old Naledi, which are low-income residential areas of Gaborone, Botswana. The aim of the study was to explore the experiences of people living with human ...
  • Ileosigmoid knotting in a child: index case in Botswana and review of the literature 

    Bedada, A.G.; Sreekumaran, M.I.; Azzie, G. (Health and Medical Publishing Group, https://publons.com/publisher/2123/health-and-medical-publishing-group, 2018-09)
    Ileosigmoid knotting (ISK) is a rare form of complex intestinal obstruction where a loop of ileum wraps around the base of the sigmoid colon, or vice versa. We report the case of an ill-looking 8-year-old boy who presented ...
  • Head injury burden in a major referral hospital emergency centre in Botswana 

    Cox, Megan; Becker, Timothy D.; Motsumi, Mpapho (Elsevier,https://www.elsevier.com/en-xm, 2018)
    Introduction: This study describes the demographics, aetiology, emergency centre diagnosis and severity indicators of patients with head injuries presenting to the largest referral hospital emergency centre in Botswana. Methods: ...
  • Association between depression in carers and malnutrition in children aged 6 months to 5 years 

    Motlhatlhedi, Keneilwe; Ganiyu, Adewale B.; Firth, Jachauline A.; Setlhare, Vincent (Aosis, http://www.aosis.org, 2017-01-30)
    Background: Childhood malnutrition is an important risk factor for child mortality and underlies close to 50% of child deaths worldwide. Previous studies have found an association between maternal depression ...
  • Fibroadenoma in the axillary accessory breast 

    Motsumi, M.; Narasimhamurthy, M.; Gabolwelwe, M. (South African Medical Association, https://www.samedical.org/, 2018-09)
    A 30-year-old female noted a mass in her right axilla for 6 years. The mass was painless, slowly growing, causing discomfort, had cyclical changes in consistency and was of cosmetic concern to the patient. Examination ...
  • Assessment of prescribing practices at the primary healthcare facilities in Botswana with an emphasis on antibiotics: findings and implications 

    Mashalla, Yohana; Setlhare, Vincent; Sepako, Enoch; Tiroyakgosi, Celda; Kgatlwane, Joyce; Chuma, Mpo; Godman, Brian; Massele, Amos (Wiley,https://www.wiley.com/en-us, 2017-12-01)
    Background and Aims: Inappropriate drug prescribing has increased especially in developing countries where systems for monitoring medicine use are not well developed. This increases the rate of antimicrobial resistance. ...
  • Impact of human immunodeficiency virus infection on survival and acute toxicities from chemoradiation therapy for cervical cancer patients in a limited-resource setting 

    Grover, Surbhi; Yeager, Alyssa; Chiyapo, Sebathu; Bhatia, Rohini; MacDuffie, Emily; Puri, Priya; Balang, Dawn; Ratcliffe, Sarah; Narasimhamurthy, Mohan; Gwangwava, Elliphine; Tsietso, Sylvia; Kayembe, Mukendi K.A.; Ramogola-Masire, Doreen; Dryden-Peterson, Scott; Lin, Lilie L.; Zetola, Nicola M.; Viswanathan, Akila N.; Mahantshetty, Umesh (Elsevier, https://www.elsevier.com/en-xm, 2018-05-01)
    Purpose—To prospectively compare survival between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected versus HIV-uninfected cervical cancer patients who initiated curative chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in a limited-resource ...
  • A novel and fatal method of copper sulphate poisoning 

    Motlhatlhedi, Keneilwe; Firth, Jaccqueline A.; Setlhare, Vincent; Kaguamba, Jackson K.; Mmolaatshepe, Mmapula (Elsevier, https://www.elsevier.com/, 2014-04)
    Introduction: Copper sulphate is widely used around the world as a pesticide and seed fungicide. Many cases of accidental intoxication with this substance have been reported among farm workers who have absorbed large amounts ...
  • HIV infection: its impact on patients with appendicitis in Botswana 

    Bedada, Alemayehu Ginbo; Hsiao, Marvin; Azzie, Georges (Springer, https://www.springer.com/gp, 2019-06-11)
    Background: To compare the presentation, management, and outcome of HIV-positive patients with appendicitis to those of HIV-negative patients with appendicitis. Summary Background Data: The literature is limited regarding ...