Is tobacco use associated with neurocognitive dysfunction in individuals with HIV?
Ratcliffe, Sarah Jane
Kolson, Dennis Larry
PublisherSage publications, www.sage.com/
MetadataShow full item record
Introduction: The prevalence of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders continues to rise despite the widespread use of antiretroviral therapy. We aimed to define the risk of neurocognitive dysfunction among smokers relative to nonsmokers. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study including HIV-infected adults ages 21 to 65 years. The Mental Alternation Test (MAT) was the primary outcome. The odds of cognitive impairment were compared using random-effects logistic regression to adjust for potential confounders. Results: Of 3033, 1486 (49%) were smokers. The odds ratio for the association between smoking and cognitive impairment was 1.12 (95% confidence interval: 0.85-1.49). Nonsmokers had a higher median MAT score relative to smokers (P ¼ .01). Conclusion: There was no evidence that HIV-infected smokers had greater neurocognitive dysfunction relative to HIV-infected nonsmokers. While tobacco use remains an important health risk issue to address in the HIV population, it may not represent a risk factor for neurocognitive impairment.