Social Workers Knowledge, attitudes and self-efficacy in working with clients with alcohol problems in Kweneng and South East Districts of Botswana
PublisherUniversity of Botswana, www.ub.bw
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This study is among the first, to used mixed method design in Botswana to explore social worker‟s knowledge, attitudes and self-efficacy in working with clients with alcohol problems in Kweneng and South East Districts Councils. Central assumptions guiding the study were derived from TRA& PB and Self-efficacy theory. Firstly, simple random sampling helped select 65 participants, and then qualitative judgemental sampling selected 12 participants. The results revealed that social workers had low levels of knowledge, 66% scored less than half (0-48%) on the AKS scale. Outcomes supported that social workers (51%) attitudes are marginally negative. ACSES scale showed that more than half of the social workers 51% had low confidence in their skills and knowledge. Control variables regressions showed that level of education (beta=.25, p=.04) together with clinical supervision (beta=.30, p= .03) positively affected social workers knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy. Multiple regressions indicated that knowledge (beta=.24, p=.05) and attitude (b=.28, p=.02) positively affected social workers intentions to help clients with alcohol problems. The study had many research and practical implications but at the core councils should provide training and formulate a clear Standard Operating Procedure for social workers for helping clients with Alcohol and Alcohol Problems.