The making of a foreign "labour aristocracy" in Botswana
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Limited, www.emeraldinsight.com/
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Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether expatriate workers in Botswana are a labour aristocracy. Design/methodology/approach - This is a case study based on documentary research methods. Findings - The evidence presented supports the case for the existence of a foreign labour aristicracy in Botswana. The labour aristocracy thesis has come under attack for describing the better-paid workers aslabour aristocrats and for its failure to take cognizance of the heterogeneity of the working class. Although it appears that the thesis has now been relegated to the periphery of labour studies debates, evidence from Botswana of a two tier wage structure, one for citizens and another for "expatriates", resonates with the basic tenets of the labour aristocracy thesis. Research limitations/implications - There is a need to revisit the debate and for more case studies from different Third World countries. Practical implications - The paper highlights the difficulties faced by citizen employees in Botswana in seeking to improve their material conditions. Originality/value - This paper reveals a linkage between a wages policy and the notion of national development in a specific society.