Recent Submissions

  • Fetus-in-fetu in Botswana 

    Goutam, Chowdhury; Banda, Francis Msume (Elsevier, www.elsevier.com, 2017-09)
    Fetus-in-fetu is a medical term that describes a fetus implanted within its twin, on whom it is entirely dependent for its survival through a vascular connection. It occurs in about 1 in 500,000 live births. So far, there ...
  • Impact of health system inputs on health outcome: a multilevel longitudinal analysis of Botswana National Antiretroviral Program (2002-2013) 

    Kebaabetswe, Poloko; Price, Natalie; El-halabi, Shenaaz; Mlaudzi, Naledi; Keapoletswe, Koona; Lebelonyane, Kefeletswe; Fetogang, Ernest Benny; Chebani, Tony; Masupe, Tiny; Gabaake, Keba; Auld, Andrew F.; Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Marlink, Richard (Public Library Science, https://www.plos.org/, 2016-08-04)
    Objective To measure the association between the number of doctors, nurses and hospital beds per 10,000 people and individual HIV-infected patient outcomes in Botswana. Design Analysis of routinely collected longitudinal ...
  • Prevalence and determinants of metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional survey of general medical outpatient clinics using National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III criteria in Botswana. 

    Omech, Bernard; Tshikuka, Jose-Gaby; Mwita, Julius C; Tsima, Billy; Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Amone-P'Olak, Kennedy (Dove Medical Press, https://www.dovepress.com/, 2016-08-30)
    Background: Low- and middle-income countries, including Botswana, are facing rising prevalence of obesity and obesity-related cardiometabolic complications. Very little information is known about clustering of cardiovascular ...
  • Microbiology of urinary tract infections in Gaborone, Botswana 

    Goldfarb, David M.; Renuart, Andrew J.; Mokomane, Margaret; Tawanana, Ephraim O.; Narasimhamurthy, Mohan; Steenhoff, Andrew P.; Silverman, Jonathan A. (Public Library Science, https://phys.org/partners/public-library-of-science/, 2013-03)
    Objective: The microbiology and epidemiology of UTI pathogens are largely unknown in Botswana, a high prevalence HIV setting. Using laboratory data from the largest referral hospital and a private hospital, we describe the ...
  • The effectiveness of the South African Triage Toll use in Mahalapye District Hospital – Emergency Department, Botswana 

    Tshitenge, Stephane T.; Ogunbanjo, Gboyega A.; Mbuka, Deogratias O. (AOSIS, http://aosis.co.za/, 2016)
    Background: The study aimed to determine the proportion of each priority level of patients, time of performance in each priority level, and the reliability of the South African Triage Scale (SATS) tool at the Mahalapye ...
  • Prevalence of human immunodeficiency virus — hepatitis B virus co-infection amongst adult patients in Mahalapye, Ngami, Serowe, Botswana: a descriptive cross-sectional study 

    Tshitenge, Stephane; Mandiwana, Aszhani (Cogent OA, https://www.cogentoa.com/, 2017-02-15)
    Background: About 37 million people are living with human-immunodeficiency-virus (HIV) worldwide, with 2.6 million co-infected with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). HBV infection causes 650 000 deaths annually worldwide. ...
  • The diabetic foot risks profile in Selebi Phikwe Government Hospital, Botswana 

    Tshitenge, Stephane; Ganiyu, Adewale; Mbuka, Deogratias; Shama, Joseph M. (AOSIS, http://aosis.co.za/, 2014-10-17)
    Aim: The present study aimed: (1) to evaluate the proportion of each diabetic foot (DF) risk category, according to the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot (IWGDF) consensus, in patients attending the diabetic ...
  • Prevention of mother-to-child transmission in HIV audit in Xhosa clinic, Mahalapye, Botswana 

    Tshitenge, Stephane; Citeya, Andre; Ganiyu, Adewale (AOSIS, http://aosis.co.za/, 2014-09-09)
    Background: The Mahalapye district health management team (DHMT) conducts regular audits to evaluate the standard of services delivered to patients, one of which is the prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) ...
  • New family medicine residency training programme: residents’ perspectives from the University of Botswana 

    Mbuka, Deogratias O.; Tshitenge, Stephane; Setlhare, Vincent; Tsima, Billy; Adewale, Ganiyu; Parsons, Luise (AOSIS, http://aosis.co.za/, 2016)
    Background: Family Medicine (FM) training is new in Botswana. No previous evaluation of the experiences and opinions of residents of the University of Botswana (UB) Family Medicine training programme has been reported. Aims: ...
  • A survey of risk factors associated with hypertension in the adult population of Kang, Kgalagadi North, Botswana 

    Tshitenge, S.; Mabuza, L.H. (Cogent OA, https://www.cogentoa.com/, 2015)
    Background: Sustainable and aggressive population-based programmes on hypertension awareness, prevention, treatment and control are key to the successful control of this epidemic. The objective of the study was to determine ...
  • The clinical characteristics of patients with glaucoma presenting to Botswana healthcare facilities: an observational study 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Falama, Rosemary; Mongwa, Matlhogonolo; Mutapanduwa, Mishell; Baemisi, Chao; Brealey, Evelyn; Lehasa, Alice; Josiah, Engelinah; Jankowski, Deborah; Jackson, Daniel J.; Razai, Mohammad S.; White, Andrew J.; Kerr-Muir, Malcolm G.; Ngondi, Jeremiah M.; Martin, Keith R. (BMJ Publishing Group//www.bmjgroup.com, 2014)
    This study aimed to establish the clinical characteristics of patients with glaucoma attending eye care facilities in Botswana, and management of glaucoma among patients who received care in these facilities. The study ...
  • Invasive ductal carcinoma with in situ pattern:how to avoid this diagnostic pitfall? 

    Mohan, Narasimhamurthy; Black, Jennifer O.; Schwartz, Mary R.; Zhai, Qihui Jim (e-Century Publishing, http://www.e-century.us/submission/index.php, 2016-08-30)
    Although the microscopic features of invasion are usually readily recognized, occasionally invasive ductal carcinoma may mimic the pattern of comedo ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) by forming large cellular nests with ...
  • Trends and determinants of survival for over 200 000 patients on antiretroviral treatment in the Botswana National Program: 2002–2013 

    Kebaabetswe, Poloko; Farahani, Mansour; Price, Natalie; El-Halabi, Shenaaz; Mlaudzi, Naledi; Keapoletswe, Koona; Lebelonyane, Refeletswe; Fetogang, Ernest Benny; Chebani, Tony; Masupe, Tiny; Gabaake, Keba; Auld, Andrew; Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Marlinka, Richard (Lippincott,Williams & Wilkin; https://www.ajj.com/clients/list/lww, 2016-01-28)
    Objectives: To determine the incidence and risk factors of mortality for all HIV-infected patients receiving antiretroviral treatment at public and private healthcare facilities in the Botswana National HIV/AIDS Treatment ...
  • Clinical use of blood and blood components in post-abortion care in Botswana 

    Tsima, B.M.; Melese, T.; Mogobe, K. D.; Chabaesele, K.; Rankgoane, G.; Nassali, M.; Habte, D. (Wiley; http://www.wileyopenaccess.com/view/index.html, 2016-05-23)
    Background: Understanding the pattern and gaps in blood product utilisation in post-abortion care is crucial for evidence-based planning and priority setting. Objective: To describe the current use of blood and blood ...
  • High levels of post-abortion complication in a setting where abortion service is not legalized 

    Melese, Tadele; Habte, Dereje; Tsima, Billy M.; Mogobe, Keitshokile Dintle; Chabaesele, Kesegofetse; Rankgoane, Goabaone; Keakabetse, Tshiamo R.; Masweu, Mabole; Mokotedi, Mosidi; Motana, Mpho; Moreri-Ntshabele, Badani (Public Library Science; https://www.plos.org/, 2017-01-06)
    Background Maternal mortality due to abortion complications stands among the three leading causes of maternal death in Botswana where there is a restrictive abortion law. This study aimed at assessing the patterns and ...
  • Perceptions of physician leadership in Botswana 

    Tsima, B. M.; Sokol-Hessner, L.; Dine, C. J.; Masheto, B.; Shea, J. A.; Masunge, J.; Nkomazana, O. (Health and Medical Publishing Group; https://www.saoa.org.za/publications/hpmg, 2015-05)
    Background. Physician leadership is essential for the strengthening of health systems, especially in underserved settings such as sub-Saharan Africa. To be effective, leaders must be perceived as such by their community. ...
  • Establishing a new medical school: Botswana’s experience 

    Mokone, Gaonyadiwe G.; Kebaetse, Maikutlo; Wright, John; Kebaetse, Masego B.; Makgabana-Dintwa, Oarabile; Kebaabetswe, Poloko; Badlangana, Ludo; Mogodi, Mpho; Bryant, Katie; Nkomazana, Oathokwa (Association of American Medical Colleges; https://www.aamc.org, 2014-10)
    Having adequate numbers of qualified human resources for health (HRH) is essential for any effective health care system. However, there is a global shortage of skilled health care workers, especially in Sub-Saharan African ...
  • Potential for the specialty of Family Medicine in Botswana: a discussion paper 

    Parsons, Luise; Rijken, Taatske; Mbuka, Deogratias O.; Nkomazana, Oathokwa (AOSIS; http://www.aosis.co.za/publishing, 2012-10-31)
    Family Medicine is developing rapidly as a medical and academic specialty in sub-Saharan Africa. The multifactorial policy drivers are not well described, but include population health needs, the World Health Organisation’s ...
  • Why there is an inverse primary-care law in Africa 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Moosa, Shabir; Wojczewski, Silvia; Hoffmann, Kathryn; Poppe, Annelien; Peersman, Wim; Willcox, Merlin; Maier, Manfred; Derese, Anselme; Mant, David (Elsevier; https://www.elsevier.com/, 2013)
    Many low-income and middle-income countries are now pursuing ambitious plans for universal primary care, but are failing to deliver adequate care quality because of intractable human resource problems—eg, in Uganda in 2009, ...
  • Developing the Botswana Primary Care guideline: an integrated, symptom-based primary care guideline for the adult patient in a resource‑limited setting 

    Tsima, Billy M.; Setlhare, Vincent; Nkomazana, Oathokwa (Dove Press; https://www.dovepress.com/, 2016)
    Background: Botswana’s health care system is based on a primary care model. Various national guidelines exist for specific diseases. However, most of the guidelines address management at a tertiary level and often appear ...

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