Now showing items 1-20 of 46

  • Successful Introduction of Routine Opt-Out HIV Testing 

    Creek, T.L.; Ntumy, R.; Seipone, K.; Smith, M.; Mogodi, M.; Smit, M.; Legwaila, K.; Molokwane, I.; Tebele, G.; Mazhani, L.; Shaffer, N.; Kilmarx, P.H. (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. http://journals.lww.com/jaids/pages/default.aspx, 2007)
    Botswana has high HIV prevalence among pregnant women (37.4% in 2003) and provides free services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV. Nearly all pregnant women (.95%) have antenatal care (ANC) ...
  • The bacterium that could cause cancer 

    Vento, S.; Tanko, M.N. (The Lancet. http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanonc/issue/current, 2009)
    Biopsy specimens were taken from intact areas of antral mucosa in 100 consenting consecutive patients presenting for gastroscopy at the Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, Australia. Spiral or curved bacilli were found in biopsy ...
  • Safety and efficacy of pegylated liposomal doxorubicin in HIV-associated Kaposi’s sarcoma 

    Cainelli, F.; Vallone, A. (Dove Medical Press Ltd. http://www.dovepress.com/biologics-targets--therapy-journal, 2009)
    Kaposi’s sarcoma is a vascular tumor linked to the presence of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (human herpesvirus-8) and the incidence of which has increased considerably the world over after the onset of the ...
  • Lymph nodes and pathogenesis of infection with HIV-1 

    Cainelli, F.; Vallone, A.; Tanko, M. N.; Vento, S. (Elsevier, http://www.elsevier.com, 2010)
    Lymphadenopathy was identified as an essential feature of AIDS soon after its appearance and before the identification of HIV as its cause.¹ However, lymphadenopathy has not subsequently received much attention. Recently, ...
  • Multiple oncogenic viruses identified in Ocular surface squamous neoplasia in HIV-1 patients 

    Simbiri, K.O.; Murakami, M.; Feldman, M.; Steenhoff, A.P.; Nkomazana, O.; Bisson, G.; Robertson, E.S. (BioMed Central Ltd. www.infectagentscancer.com/content/5/1/6, 2010)
    Background: Ocular surface squamous neoplasia (OSSN) is a rare cancer that has increased in incidence with the HIV pandemic in Africa. The underlying cause of this cancer in HIV-infected patients from Botswana is not ...
  • Reducing therapeutic injection overuse through patients-prescribers interaction group discussions in Kinondoni District, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 

    Massele, Amos Y.; Mashalia, Yohana J.; Kayombo, Edmund J.; Mwaiselage, Julius D.; Mwamba, Natu E.; Kaniki, Issessanda (Tanzania Journal of Health Research, www.ajol.info/index.php/thrb, 2011)
    Inappropriately prescription of injections has been reported in developing and developed countries. Previous studies in Tanzania showed that over 70% of patients attending out- patient clinics at private dispensaries ...
  • Potential for the specialty of Family Medicine in Botswana: a discussion paper 

    Parsons, Luise; Rijken, Taatske; Mbuka, Deogratias O.; Nkomazana, Oathokwa (AOSIS; http://www.aosis.co.za/publishing, 2012-10-31)
    Family Medicine is developing rapidly as a medical and academic specialty in sub-Saharan Africa. The multifactorial policy drivers are not well described, but include population health needs, the World Health Organisation’s ...
  • Why there is an inverse primary-care law in Africa 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Moosa, Shabir; Wojczewski, Silvia; Hoffmann, Kathryn; Poppe, Annelien; Peersman, Wim; Willcox, Merlin; Maier, Manfred; Derese, Anselme; Mant, David (Elsevier; https://www.elsevier.com/, 2013)
    Many low-income and middle-income countries are now pursuing ambitious plans for universal primary care, but are failing to deliver adequate care quality because of intractable human resource problems—eg, in Uganda in 2009, ...
  • Microbiology of urinary tract infections in Gaborone, Botswana 

    Goldfarb, David M.; Renuart, Andrew J.; Mokomane, Margaret; Tawanana, Ephraim O.; Narasimhamurthy, Mohan; Steenhoff, Andrew P.; Silverman, Jonathan A. (Public Library Science, https://phys.org/partners/public-library-of-science/, 2013-03)
    Objective: The microbiology and epidemiology of UTI pathogens are largely unknown in Botswana, a high prevalence HIV setting. Using laboratory data from the largest referral hospital and a private hospital, we describe the ...
  • Correlates of unintended pregnancy in Ethiopia: results from a national survey 

    Habte, Dereje; Teklu, Sisay; Melese, Tadele; Magafu, Mgaywa G. M. D. (Public Library Science; https://www.plos.org/, 2013-12)
    Background: Unintended pregnancy has been a major reproductive health challenge in resource poor settings including Ethiopia. It has adverse consequences to the mother, child and the health sector’s resources. Understanding ...
  • Asthma prevalence, knowledge and perceptions among secondary school pupils in rural and urban coastal districts in Tanzania 

    Mashalla, Yohana; Shimwela, Meshack; Mwita, Julius C.; Mwandri, Michael; Rwegerera, Godfrey M.; Mugusi, Ferdinand (BioMed Central// https://www.biomedcentral.com, 2014)
    Background: Asthma is a common chronic disease of childhood that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of asthma among secondary school pupils in urban and rural areas ...
  • The clinical characteristics of patients with glaucoma presenting to Botswana healthcare facilities: an observational study 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Falama, Rosemary; Mongwa, Matlhogonolo; Mutapanduwa, Mishell; Baemisi, Chao; Brealey, Evelyn; Lehasa, Alice; Josiah, Engelinah; Jankowski, Deborah; Jackson, Daniel J.; Razai, Mohammad S.; White, Andrew J.; Kerr-Muir, Malcolm G.; Ngondi, Jeremiah M.; Martin, Keith R. (BMJ Publishing Group//www.bmjgroup.com, 2014)
    This study aimed to establish the clinical characteristics of patients with glaucoma attending eye care facilities in Botswana, and management of glaucoma among patients who received care in these facilities. The study ...
  • Training tomorrow’s global health leaders: applying a transtheoretical model to identify behavior change stages within an intervention for health leadership development 

    Mashalla, Yohana; Daniels, Joseph; Farquhar, Carey; Nathanson, Neal; Petracca, Frances; Desmond, Michelle; Green, Wendy; Davies, Luke; O’Malley, Gabrielle (Sage publications//www.sage.com/‎, 2014)
    Training health professionals in leadership and management skills is a key component of health systems strengthening in low-resource settings. The importance of evaluating the effectiveness of these programs has received ...
  • Human resources for health in Botswana: the results of in-country database and reports analysis 

    Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Peersman, Wim; Willcox, Merlin; Mash, Robert; Phaladze, Nthabiseng (AOSIS//http://www.aosis.co.za/publishing, 2014)
    Botswana is a large middle-income country in Southern Africa with a population of just over two million. Shortage of human resources for health is blamed for the inability to provide high quality accessible health services. ...
  • Establishing a new medical school: Botswana’s experience 

    Mokone, Gaonyadiwe G.; Kebaetse, Maikutlo; Wright, John; Kebaetse, Masego B.; Makgabana-Dintwa, Oarabile; Kebaabetswe, Poloko; Badlangana, Ludo; Mogodi, Mpho; Bryant, Katie; Nkomazana, Oathokwa (Academic Medicine, http://journals.lww.com/AcademicMedicine/pages/default.aspx, 2014-08)
    Having adequate numbers of qualified human resources for health is essential for any effective health care system. However, there is a global shortage of skilled health care workers, especially in Sub-Saharan African ...
  • Prevention of mother-to-child transmission in HIV audit in Xhosa clinic, Mahalapye, Botswana 

    Tshitenge, Stephane; Citeya, Andre; Ganiyu, Adewale (AOSIS, http://aosis.co.za/, 2014-09-09)
    Background: The Mahalapye district health management team (DHMT) conducts regular audits to evaluate the standard of services delivered to patients, one of which is the prevention of mother-to-child-transmission (PMTCT) ...
  • Establishing a new medical school: Botswana’s experience 

    Mokone, Gaonyadiwe G.; Kebaetse, Maikutlo; Wright, John; Kebaetse, Masego B.; Makgabana-Dintwa, Oarabile; Kebaabetswe, Poloko; Badlangana, Ludo; Mogodi, Mpho; Bryant, Katie; Nkomazana, Oathokwa (Association of American Medical Colleges; https://www.aamc.org, 2014-10)
    Having adequate numbers of qualified human resources for health (HRH) is essential for any effective health care system. However, there is a global shortage of skilled health care workers, especially in Sub-Saharan African ...
  • The diabetic foot risks profile in Selebi Phikwe Government Hospital, Botswana 

    Tshitenge, Stephane; Ganiyu, Adewale; Mbuka, Deogratias; Shama, Joseph M. (AOSIS, http://aosis.co.za/, 2014-10-17)
    Aim: The present study aimed: (1) to evaluate the proportion of each diabetic foot (DF) risk category, according to the International Working Group on the Diabetic Foot (IWGDF) consensus, in patients attending the diabetic ...
  • Beneficial effects of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in gestational diabetes: consequences in macrosomia and adulthood obesity 

    Mashalla, Yohana; Yessoufou, Akadiri; Nekoua, Magloire P.; Gbankoto, Adam; Moutairou, Kabirou (Hindawi Publishing Corporation//www.hindawi.com/journals/jdr/, 2015)
    Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are increasingly being used to prevent cardiovascular diseases, including diabetes and obesity. In this paper, we report data on the observed effects of omega-3 PUFA on major ...
  • Diaspora engagement of African migrant health workers - examples from five destination countries 

    Wojczewski, Silvia; Poppe, Annelien; Hoffmann, Kathryn; Peersman, Wim; Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Pentz, Stephen; Kutalek, Ruth (Taylor and Francis; http://taylorandfrancis.com/, 2015)
    Background: Migrant health workers fill care gaps in their destination countries, but they also actively engage in improving living conditions for people of their countries of origin through expatriate professional ...