Stakeholders’ perceptions on shortage of healthcare workers in Primary Healthcare in Botswana: focus group discussions
PublisherPublic Library Science; https://www.plos.org/
MetadataShow full item record
Background An adequate health workforce force is central to universal health coverage and positive public health outcomes. However many African countries have critical shortages of healthcare workers, which are worse in primary healthcare. The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of healthcare workers, policy makers and the community on the shortage of healthcare workers in Botswana. Method Fifteen focus group discussions were conducted with three groups of policy makers, six groups of healthcare workers and six groups of community members in rural, urban andremote rural health districts of Botswana. All the participants were 18 years and older. Recruitment was purposive and the framework method was used to inductively analyse the data. Results There was a perceived shortage of healthcare workers in primary healthcare, which was believed to result from an increased need for health services, inequitable distribution of healthcare workers, migration and too few such workers being trained. Migration was mainly the result of unfavourable personal and family factors, weak and ineffective healthcare and human resources management, low salaries and inadequate incentives for rural and remote area service. Conclusions Botswana has a perceived shortage of healthcare workers, which is worse in primary healthcare and rural areas, as a result of multiple complex factors. To address the scarcity the country should train adequate numbers of healthcare workers and distribute them equitably to sufficiently resourced healthcare facilities. They should be competently managed and adequately remunerated and the living conditions and rural infrastructure should also be improved.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
How to create more supportive supervision for primary healthcare: lessons from Ngamiland district of Botswana: co-operative inquiry group Nkomazana, Oathokwa; Mash, Robert; Wojczewski, Silvia; Kutalek, Ruth; Phaladze, Nthabiseng (Taylor and Francis//http://taylorandfrancis.com/, 2016-06-24)Background: Supportive supervision is a way to foster performance, productivity, motivation, and retention of health workforce. Nevertheless there is a dearth of evidence of the impact and acceptability of supportive ...
Obstacles to tuberculosis control among patienns in Ghanzi district: health care workers' perspectives Olefile, Itireleng (2016-08-03)Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health problem with 8.6 million incident cases and 1.4 million deaths. The African region has approximately one quarter of the world‘s cases and the highest rates of cases and deaths ...
Immigrants' and refugees' unmet reproductive health demands in Botswana: perceptions of public healthcare providers Ama, N.O.; Oucho, J.O. (Medical and Pharmaceutical Publications, 2009)Background: The healthcare of Batswana (citizens of Botswana) as indicated in the country’s Vision 2016 is one of the top priorities of the government of Botswana, yet Botswana’s National Health Policy, the Immigration ...